Basal cell carcinoma is common form of skin cancer. Basal cell carcinoma cancer does not spread in other parts of the body but can damage it by invading the surrounding tissue.
Causes of Basal cell carcinoma
The main factors increasing the risk of basal cell carcinoma includes:
People aged over of 50 are more likely to cause basal cell carcinoma cancer. Skin cancer appears after age 50 but the effects of sun damage begin at an early age.
Exposure to sun
According to studies, exposure to sun increases the risk of skin cancer. Ultraviolet radiation from sun causes the Basal cell carcinoma skin cancer especially to the people who have light-colored skin.
Tanning booths cause the skin cancer. Adolescents are likely to be more effected.
This type of radiation affects the skin, causing the skin cancer.
Diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma
Doctors diagnose this type of skin cancer by performing a biopsy. In this procedure, a sample is taken by injecting a local anesthesia and scraping a small piece of skin. The removed skin is examined under the microscope to ensure the cancer cells.
How to prevent Basal cell carcinoma
Regular physical examination and self-examination can decrease the risk of skin cancer. Some of the following techniques can prevent the Basal cell carcinoma skin cancer:
• Avoid too much exposure to sun. Apply sunscreen (UVA protection) on body, which contains SPF 30. The sunscreen should be reapplied after every 3 hours.
• Limit the recreation sun exposure.
• People who already had a skin cancer should undergo regular medical checkups.
Basal cell carcinoma is one of the most common types of skin cancer affecting large number of people. Through self examination and regular medical checkups, the cancer can be diagnosed at its early stage.