A burn is referred to injuries that are caused to the skin and underlying tissue. The skin is the largest organ in the body and hence, skin damage due to burns could be minor or major depending on the intensity of the heat and the total area of tissues burned. These burns could occur due to the exposure to ultra-violet light, radiation, hot liquid, steam, fire, flammable liquids and gases, electricity or chemicals.
What are the types of burns?
Basically, burns are graded by degrees:
• First-degree burns- They are the most minor and common burns, and affect only the outer layer of the skin.
• Second-degree burns- These burns tend to damage the first two layers of the skin.
• Third-degree burns- They are the most severe cases that damage the deepest layer of the skin and tissue.
What are the symptoms of a burn?
Symptoms of a burn are usually evident and include these signs:
• Pain, depending on the degree of the burn
• Moist-looking or crumpled skin
• Swollen and red skin
• Sore blisters
• Tanned or leathery skin
• Darkened skin
What are the recommended treatments for burns?
Treatment decisions are based on the need to:
• Relieve pain
• Reduce swelling
• Prevent infection
• Promote healing
Experts believe that you should ideally consult a physician for any type of burn except first-degree burns that affect less than 1% of the body’s surface.
Some of the common treatments include:
• Some first and second degree burns can be treated by running cool water over the affected area for 10-15 minutes.
• You could also resort to a cool compress, but refrain from using ice as that would damage the skin further.
• Dry out the burned area and apply a burn ointment to help prevent scarring.
The above mentioned three skin burns treatments are only in the case of first and second degree burns. In the case of a third degree do not attempt at treating yourself,
• Be sure to call for medical help and make sure your clothes are no longer in contact with the source of the burn.
• Cover the burned area with a moist cloth.
• Keep it raised above the heart.;
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