A cataract is a disease of eye in which the eye lens develops an opaque clouding thus resulting in reduced vision. The light coming in the eyes, fall onto retina which is mainly responsible for creating a blurred free vision. Eye Cataract is common in older age but sometime they are even reported at a very young age. Before talking about the eye cataract treatment, we should know what are the various types of cataract and how are they diagnosed.
Types of Eye cataract :
Nuclear Sclerotic Cataract: when the central part of the lens observes some hardening and a yellowish cloudiness develops, one suffers from Nuclear Sclerotic eye cataract.
Cortical Cataract: when opaque cloud appears over the cortex (part of the lens) this is cortical cataract.
Posterior Subcapsular Cataract: when opacity develops at the back of the eye lens, we get Posterior subcapsular eye cataract.
Cataracts by origin: age related cataract, secondary cataract (cataract sometimes develop after undergoing eye surgery), Traumatic cataract (cataract caused due to injury or trauma to the eye), Congenital cataract (cataract present at the time of birth), radiation cataract ( cataract developed due to exposure to some radiation)
Symptoms of Eye cataract :
Difficulty driving at night
Cloudy or blurred vision
Causes of Eye Cataract :
Age, family history
Long term exposure to bright sunlight or radiation
Eye Cataract Diagnosis : An Ophthalmologist or an optometrist would be the right person for treating the cataract problems. The diagnosis involves performing certain tests like visual acuity test; slit lamp examination, retinal examination.
Eye Cataract Treatment : eye cataract surgery would not be advised if the person is mildly affected. The ophthalmologist would advise you to go for an eye number testing, advise you to use magnifying glass while reading, wear sunglasses to reduce sun glare.
Eye Cataract Surgery : Surgery for eye cataract would only be advised if the doctor feels that the extent of opacity of the eye lens could not be reduced by other methods. An eye cataract surgery would be advised if a person:
Finds difficult in driving
Cannot read or watch television
Find hard to recognize people’s face
The eye cataract surgery is a simple surgical procedure which takes only 30 minutes to complete.