Cornea is a vital part of the human eye anatomy. It refers to the transparent front part of the eye, which protects the iris, pupil and the anterior chamber. This eye part acts the part of reflecting the natural light for crispy eyesight. Any infection or trauma to the cornea results in permanent eye damage.
Cornea infections and diseases are treated by ophthalmologists specializing in cornea. Cornea doctors provide the accurate diagnosis and suggest the treatment taking into account the extent of damage, age and other external factors.
Common Cornea Diseases:
The top five cornea diseases are as follows:
1. Corneal abrasion
It refers to the loss of the surface layer of the cornea due to trauma and injury.
2. Corneal dystrophy
It refers to the loss of eyesight clarity due to excessive buildup of cloudy material.
3. Corneal ulcer
It means the inflammation of the top most layer of the cornea, the epithelial layer.
The inflammation of the overall cornea area is known as Keratitis.
Keratoconus is a degenerative disease where the cornea deforms from a normal round shape to a conical one.
Ophthalmologists who are cornea specialists handle the treatment related to the cornea. The main features are:
1. Most of the times, treatment involving cornea requires extensive use of specialized surgery.
2. Replacement of the cornea through contact lenses.
Multiple visits to the eye specialists are an integral part of cornea treatment. Medications and prescriptions may change depending the nature of recovery.
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