Coronary artery disease or coronary heart disease is a condition where the vessels which carry blood and oxygen to the heart narrow down due to formation of plaque. This condition is also called hardening of the arteries.
Symptoms of Coronary Artery Disease :
Age, gender, genes, and race are some factors responsible on which we do not have any control. If anyone of your parents has a heart problem, there are 50% chances of you diagnosed with the same problem. Women who are getting their regular menstrual period have less chances of developing the problem than the men of same age.
Those people who are suffering from diabetes and high BP are at higher risk. High Cholesterol levels make the situation more alarming. If you are suffering from a chronic kidney disease this too makes you prone to developing coronary artery disease. Obese people and also chain smokers face high risk of heart disease.
Chest Pain would be the first sign of indication that you might suffer from a coronary artery disease. The intensity of the pain would differ from patient to patient. Some might feel squeezing of the heart, neck, arms, stomach or upper back. Sometime some people would feel pain due to sudden outburst of emotion or undertaking a strenuous activity. People who are old enough and are suffering from various other diseases would experience fatigue, shortness of breath and general weakness.
Causes of Coronary Artery Disease :
What happens is that the fat starts depositing on the walls of the coronary arteries. This deposition results in narrowing down of the artery and eventually the blood and oxygen supply to the heart is affected.
Treatment for Coronary Artery Disease :
There are various tests to help diagnose the coronary heart disease. Nuclear stress test, angiography, arteriography, echocardiogram, electrocardiogram, heart CT scan, magnetic resonance angiography are some. Your cardiologist would suggest the one he finds appropriate for your condition. The doctor before starting upon the treatment for the chest pain would advice medication to control your blood pressure, diabetes. Treatment, procedures, surgeries for the coronary heart disease are angioplasty, stent placement, bypass surgery, invasive heart surgery but it is only your cardiologist who will decide what is the best option for you.