When sneezing, puffy nose, sore throat and cough- such conditions continue for more than three days, you have got cough and common cold. This is the most common disease from which everyone might have suffered at one point in their life.
Symptoms of Cold and Cough :
There are some other symptoms for cold and cough like headache, low fever with body pain, insomnia, loss of appetite, feeling lethargic throughout the day. Though seasonal changes contribute to the major reason for such condition, but sometimes certain intake of foods like, cold drink, fried foods aggravate the cough. Such food gets transformed into mucus which gets circulated in the entire body and affects the respiratory system.
Treatment for Cold and Cough :
There are a variety of cough and cold treatment available in the market. But it is strictly advisable that one should consult a physician prior to their intake.
Nasal Decongestants – they are advised to relieve a patient suffering from clogged nose. The membranes inside the nose swell up and thus it becomes difficult to breathe normally through the nose. These decongestants help relieve the congestion
Antihistamines – if the patient’s symptoms include runny nose accompanied with sneezing, the physician would prescribe Antihistamines. Antihistamines target the immune system response and block the action of histamines. Histamines are produced by our immune system to act on receptors in nose and throat. This causes itchy eyes, running nose. So that is why doctor prescribes Antihistamines.
Expectorants- they help in loosening of the mucus and help in coughing it up. This relieves the congestion in the chest and it becomes easy to breathe.
Cough Suppressants- they help in making the dry cough quiet. They are advised when there is no mucus formation. It helps relieve you and help in getting better sleep.
The Physician along with this medication could also write down some pain relievers if the patient complains of headache, aches and pain and also to bring down the fever.
Apart from the medication if a person observes a strict check on his diet and making slight changes in the daily routine, he could get recovered speedily. There are some do’s and don’ts listed below.
Herbal tea, spice tea, soups, hot milk with a piece of crushed ginger, a teaspoon of turmeric powder mixed in a glassful of warm water. Keep washing the hands, taking ample rest, plenty of fluids to flush out the collected waste from the body.
Common Cold and dry cough are very common and occur to anybody irrespective of age, sex, location. Taking preventive measures like home remedies and medical advice would help you fight it effectively.