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Women get fibroids developed in the uterus and thus called uterine fibroids. It originates from myometrium (a smooth muscle layer) of the uterus. Non cancerous in nature, fibroid uterus tumors develop in the uterus. These fibroids are very common and most women during her productive years might get fibroids. There size and location vary from woman to woman. They may be so tiny that a gynecologist might need a microscope to locate them or they might be so large that the whole uterus gets filled up. Depending on the location, these fibroid uterus are classified as Myometrial (uterus muscle wall), Subserosal (under the outside covering of uterus), pendunculated (inside the uterus cavity or outside uterus on a long stalk), Submucosal (under the uterus lining surface).

Symptoms of Fibroids :
The fibroid uterus tumors symptoms experience by women are: heavy bleeding, long menstrual period, frequent urination, cramps in the pelvic area, bleeding with passage of clots, pain experienced during intercourse.

Causes of Fibroids :
Some doctors believe that genetic abnormalities are also one another factor for getting the fibroid uterus developed. If anyone from your family has a history of fibroids your chances increases. A hormone estrogen is believed to be responsible for the growth of the fibroids. During the first trimester of pregnancy, the estrogen aggravates the growth of fibroid uterus which might get shrunk when the baby birth takes place.

Diagnosis of Fibroids :
A Pelvic exam would be suggested by your gynecologist who would show that if there is any change in the shape of the woman’s uterus. An Ultrasound, pelvic MRI could also be done. Though these fibroid uterus are non cancerous but still to rule out any chances, endometrial biopsy could also be performed. Uterine tumors fibroids treatment would depend on various factors like the age, severity of the symptoms, and the location of the fibroid uterus, whether you are pregnant and other health issues.

Treatment for Fibroids :
The gynecologist on conforming the symptoms due to which you have developed fibroid uterus; would suggest you medication and therapy and proceed fibroid treatment accordingly. The gynecologist would prescribe Oral contraceptives to help control heavy periods, or might induce Intrauterine device. The intrauterine device releases a hormone progestin which helps in reducing the severe pain and even controls heavy bleeding. During heavy periods, a lot of blood is lost so the doctor might also advice iron supplements. To reduce the cramping, non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs could be suggested as well. For reducing or shrinking the size of the fibroid uterus, short term hormonal therapy injections could also be given as fibroid treatment.

If the size of the fibroid is too large and is causing much pain and problem, then surgery might need to be performed as fibroid treatment. Hysterectomy is a surgical process in which the entire uterus is removed. In Myomectomy only fibroids from the uterus are removed. There is one more technique called uterine artery embolization where the blood supply to the fibroid is stopped by inserting small beads of compound called polyvinyl alcohol through catheter. The obstruction of the blood supply would eventually lead the fibroids to shrink and die.

One should visit his doctor whenever one experiences some change in the periods, abnormal bleeding, painful cramping or fullness in the lower belly area.
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Dr. PUNIT S BHOJANI, Obstetrics and Gynecology, MAHIM WEST - Mumbai, MATUNGA EAST - Mumbai
Dr. PUNIT S BHOJANI - Obstetricians, Gynecologist D.G.O, D.N.B, M.B.B.S (D.G.O) 16 years experience
Dr. Veena Shinde, Obstetrics and Gynecology, ANDHERI WEST - Mumbai, JOGESHWARI WEST - Mumbai
Dr. Veena Shinde - Obstetricians, Gynecologist D.G.O.(Bom), Diploma in IVF, M.B.B.S., M.D. 27 years experience
Dr. SUSHMA GUNJOTIKAR, Obstetrics and Gynecology, THANE WEST - Thane
Dr. SUSHMA GUNJOTIKAR - Obstetricians, Gynecologist M.B.B.S., Diploma in IVF, M.B.B.S., M.D. 6 years experience
Dr. SUSHMA TOMAR, Obstetrics and Gynecology, ULHASNAGAR - Thane
Dr. SUSHMA TOMAR - Obstetricians, Gynecologist M.B.B.S., Diploma in IVF, M.B.B.S., M.D. 6 years experience
Dr. ANURADHA SANT, Obstetrics and Gynecology, SHIVAJI NAGAR - Pune
Dr. ANURADHA SANT - Obstetricians, Gynecologist D.G.O., M.D., M.B.B.S., M.D. 36 years experience
Dr. Ketaki Bhatlawande, Obstetrics and Gynecology, RAHATANI - Pune
Dr. Ketaki Bhatlawande - Obstetricians, Gynecologist M.S, M.D., M.B.B.S., M.D. 15 years experience
Dr. PRAKASH PATIL, Obstetrics and Gynecology, PANVEL - Navi-mumbai, VASHI - Navi-mumbai
Dr. PRAKASH PATIL - Obstetricians, Gynecologist D.G.O., Fellowship in Germany, M.B.B.S., M.D. 37 years experience
Dr. B. K. PATIL, Obstetrics and Gynecology, NERUL - Navi-mumbai
Dr. B. K. PATIL - Obstetricians, Gynecologist D.G.O., M.B.B.S., M.B.B.S., M.D. 17 years experience
Dr. JYOTSNA GUPTA, Obstetrics and Gynecology, NEW DELHI - Delhi, PASCHIM VIHAR, NEW DELHI - Delhi
Dr. JYOTSNA GUPTA - Obstetricians, Gynecologist DNB (Obst. & Gynae), MBBS, PGDHHM, M.D. 17 years experience
Dr. VANDANA GUPTA, Obstetrics and Gynecology, ROHINI - Delhi
Dr. VANDANA GUPTA - Obstetricians, Gynecologist M.D, MBBS, PGDHHM, M.D. 21 years experience
Dr. Madhavi V, Obstetrics and Gynecology, ECIL - Hyderabad
Dr. Madhavi V - Obstetricians, Gynecologist M.D in Gynec, MBBS, PGDHHM, M.D. 27 years experience
Dr. CHINMAYEE PRADHAN, Obstetrics and Gynecology, AMEERPET - Hyderabad, SOMAJIGUDA - Hyderabad
Dr. CHINMAYEE PRADHAN - Obstetricians, Gynecologist D.G.O., D.N.B., M.B.B.S., M.D. 10 years experience
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