Gastrointestinal disorders refer to the disorders of gastrointestinal system, which includes oral cavity, esophagus, pharynx, stomach, large intestine, small intestine, anus and rectum. Any kind of gastrointestinal disorders interfere in digestion, absorbing nutrients and fluids and eliminating and detoxifying the waste. Symptoms of the disorder may vary from person to person.
Gastrointestinal disorders are of different types including –
Functional disorders are those in which bowel seems to be normal but doesn’t work properly. It is mainly caused due to constipation and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
Structural disorders affect the anus
Anal disorders include haemorrhoids, anal fissures, anal fistula, and perianal abscesses.
Symptoms of gastrointestinal disorders
Inflammation of the lining of the large or small intestine
Unexplained weight loss
Whitish mucus in the stool
Causes of gastrointestinal disorders
Microbial imbalances – parasitic infections, yeast infections, bacterial overgrowth, viral infections, imbalances of normal flora
Immune incompetence –Poor immunity can leave the gastrointestinal poorly protected against parasites, toxins and a host of offending antigens from environment.
Other factors – Infection, stress, malfunction of liver, pancreas or gallbladder, inadequate levels of digestive acids and enzymes can also cause gastrointestinal disorders.
Treatments for gastrointestinal disorders
Consult the gastroenterologist if have stomach pain or any other symptoms of gastrointestinal disorders. Treatment for each type of gastrointestinal disorders is different. It focuses on improving the digestion, intake of nutrients, repairing damaged stomach and intestinal lining, eliminating allergies and sensitivities, cleaning out and flushing gallbladder, liver and intestine, normal functioning of the autonomic nervous system overseeing the gut, and replenishing the good bacteria but killing unwanted microbes.
Tests are performed to know the exact cause of the disorder. Treatment for gastrointestinal disorders includes correction or removal of the underlying causes, eliminating inflammatory reactions and repair of damaged tissues. Irritation and damage to the gastrointestinal lining is reduced by eliminating allergies to foods and addictives.