Hair loss can occur both in men and women which could not only affect just the scalp but the whole
body. Several factors contribute in thinning and loss of hair. Losing up to 100-150 hairs per day is
normal, but if losing more than that, it is a hair loss problem.
Symptoms of hair loss
Gradual thinning on the top of head – It is the most common problem in both males and females. In women, hair begins to thin in a line at the forehead, which later on broadens. In men, hair begins to recede from forehead in a line, resembling alphabet M.
Sudden loosening of hair – In certain cases, hair loss is due to emotional or physical shock.Patchy bald spots – Small and smooth bald patches are formed on the scalp of head, which may also occur on beards or eyebrows. Before the hair fall, skin becomes itchy and painful.
Causes of hair loss
Causes of scalp hair loss differ in men and women. Hair loss may be due to genetic factors, family history
and overall aging process. Other factors contributing in hair loss includes nutritional changes, severe
stress and changes in hormones during pregnancy, puberty and menopause. Certain medical conditions
such as thyroid disease, diabetes, fungal infection, and anaemia (iron deficiency) also lead to hair loss.
Some medication like cancer, arthritis, heart problems, high blood pressure, and immune suppression
medications have potential side effects including hair loss. Certain hairstyles (pigtails or cornrows) in
which hair is pulled too tightly causes hair loss.
Treatments for hair loss
Dermatologist is trained in treating skin problems. They diagnose the underlying cause of hair loss
and accordingly recommend for the most suitable treatment. Very few scientifically proven oils and
medications are available for the hair growth. Surgical hair restorations procedures like hair transplant
and scalp reduction are also available. In hair loss transplant procedure, hair from back or sides of the
scalp are taken and then implanted into bald sections of the scalp. In the surgical procedure of scalp
reduction, surgeon removes the bald skin surgically and then stitches the rest together. Doctors can
also fold hair-bearing skin over bald area in a scalp reduction technique, known as a flap. Micrograft is
another technique in which one to two hair follicles are transplanted.