Hypertension, also known as arterial hypertension is referred to elevated blood pressure in the arteries. Hypertension or high blood pressure is a chronic disease, which develops several other complications. If the blood pressure is high, heart work harder to pump the blood and this can lead to organ damage and several other problems such as heart attack, stroke, renal failure, heart failure or aneurysm.
Symptoms of hypertension
If the level of high blood pressure is not extreme, no symptoms are experienced by a patient. But if the level is extreme, it leads to symptoms like
Blood in urine
Causes of hypertension
The exact cause of hypertension is not known, however it is believed that several factors contributes in increasing the blood pressure –
Overweight or obese
Lack of physical activities
Too much consumption of alcohol
Too much salt in food
Family history of high blood pressure
Chronic kidney disease
Adrenal and thyroid disorders
Certain medicines such as birth control pills
Certain life-threatening complications can develop due to uncontrolled blood pressure –
Heart attack – Arteries gets hardened and thick due to high blood pressure, which leads to heart attack, stroke and other complications.
Aneurysm – Uncontrolled high blood pressure results in weakening and bulging of blood vessels, which forms aneurysm.
Kidney malfunction – The blood vessels of kidney becomes weak and narrow due to hypertension, which affects functioning of kidneys.
Herat failure - Muscle becomes thick due to hypertension and heart finds hard to pump enough blood as per the body requirement.
Treatments for hypertension
Treatment of hypertension is very important as uncontrolled hypertension can lead to several serious health complications, which can be fatal. High blood pressure is controlled by changing the lifestyle factors in combination with medications. Depending on the health condition and characteristics of the patient (such as diabetic, pregnant, heart disease etc.), medicines is prescribed by the general physician. Apart from taking medicines, it is very important to have regular checkups and adopt preventive methods to control the hypertension level.