Menopause is a phase, when women’s menstrual period stops permanently. It occurs in late 40s or early 50s, which signifies an end of the fertile phase of a woman’s life. Menopause is a natural consequence of aging, accompanied with some symptoms and discomforts.
Symptoms of menopause
Irregular vaginal bleeding
Vaginal itching, irritation or dryness
Difficulty in concentrating
Increases in allergies
Causes of menopause
Menopause is a natural phenomenon, when a woman’s ovaries stop making eggs and produces less progesterone and estrogen. Once a female enters the phase of menopause, she can no longer get pregnant.
Treatments for menopause
Menopause is not a disease or disorder; therefore, it does not require any medical treatment. It is a natural stage of life, in which woman can have physical, mental and emotional effects. However, treatments are available to ease the bothersome symptoms of menopause. Gynaecologist suggests for the several therapies and treatments to reduce the discomforts in menopause.
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT), also known as menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) is very effective in reducing the hot flashes, night sweats, mood swings, and joint pain, alleviate vaginal dryness and improve sleep quality. It involves taking of the hormones – estrogen or progesterone.
Some antidepressants are also used to treat the hot flashes, mood swings, sleep difficulty and other menopause symptoms, thus improving the quality of life.
The most common problem that is the lack of lubrication during intercourse can be treated by using vaginal moisturizers.
Lifestyle and dietary changes also helps to ease the symptoms of menopause. Make dietary changes such as –
Avoid consuming alcohol, caffeine and spicy foods
Eat the foods that are rich in calcium and vitamin D. You can also take the calcium and vitamin D supplements
Soy foods are very beneficial as it contains estrogen.