The disorders of the body’s nervous system are known as neurological diseases. There are more than 600 neurological diseases of the nervous system like brain tumors, Parkinson’s disease, epilepsy, stroke etc. Any kinds of abnormalities in the brain, spinal cord or nerves in the body are characterized by range of symptoms and signs. A disorder in any part of the nervous system can create difficulty in moving, swallowing, speaking, learning, perception, and breathing and can causes problems with mood and memory sense.
Symptoms of neurological disease
Motor problems –
Hemiparesis - weakness down one side
Hemiplegia - paralysis down one side
Sensory problems – Hemianasthesia characterized by loss of sensation, which indicates damage to the contra-lateral sensory strip.
Hemianopia – loss of half the visual field
Quandrantopia – loss of one quarter of the visual field
Attention problem –
Neglect – In such a condition, patient neglect to one of the space. For instance, he might eat food from one side of their plate and ignoring the rest.
Extinction – Patients will not report events that occur on the contra-lateral side of space.
Reflexes – loss of these can reflect local damage
Causes of neurological diseases
Number of problems causes the neurological diseases or disorders. The common causes of such type of disease includes –
Disorders and infections from bacteria or virus (such as meningitis)
Certain health problems can result in neurological disorders such as –
Spinal cord injury
In some cases, a problem or disease in another body system that interacts with the nervous system also causes neurological diseases. Some disorders develop during pregnancy or in early childhood, while some occurs in early adulthood.
Treatments for neurological diseases
Depending on the condition, severity and type of neurological disease, neurologist recommends for the treatments. Certain neurological conditions can be treated by physical therapy under the guidance of physiotherapist. In addition, psychologists and speech therapist also assists in treating the neurological disorder. In sever cases, the medication and surgery is performed for the treating the disease of nervous system.