Anesthesiology is branch of medicine concerned with anesthesia and anesthetics. A specialist who administers an anesthesia to patient before his/her medical procedures is known as Anesthesiologist or anesthesia specialist.
Anesthesiologist have vital role in medical care. Anesthesia doctor helps patient manage their pain before, during and after medical treatment. Anesthesiologists also monitor patient’s vital signs to ensure surgeons and doctors safely perform life-saving surgeries and other procedures.
The main aim of an anesthesia specialist is:
• Evaluate patient medical status and provide medical assessment.
• Monitor and control the patient’s vital life functions, including heart rates, blood pressure, body temperature, etc.
• For successful and safe surgery anesthesiologist manages pain during and after surgery.
Treatment and drug
Depending on type of surgery Anesthesiology doctor decides type and concentration of anesthesia. Following types of anesthesia anesthesiologist give:
• General (Twilight)
• Local (Topical)
• Dental (Inferior alveolar nerve)
• Neuroleptanalgesic anesthesia
• Brachial plexus block
Anesthesiologists provide pain management drugs to each patient throughout his or her surgical experience. Before and during the surgery anesthesiologist monitor heart rate and rhythm, breathing, blood pressure, body temperature and body fluid balance. After the surgery anesthesia doctor oversees the patient's recovery and manages pain as the patient awakens from general anesthesia.
For each type of anesthesia different types of drugs are administered by different modes like inhalation anesthetics or intravenous anesthetics. Following drugs are given by anesthesia doctors for various types of anesthesia:
• General anesthetic
• Infiltration analgesia
• Local anesthetic
• Neuraxial blockade
Anesthesiologists are specially trained for controlling pain during medical treatments and surgeries. Hence, anesthesia doctors also prescribe and administer drug treatment or perform special techniques for pain caused by various diseases. Acute pain management and chronic and cancer pain management are most common pain, which anesthesiologist treat.
When to call anesthesiologist?
When you need major or minor surgeries, you should call anesthesiologist. From major surgeries like knee replacement, cancer, etc. to minor dental treatments and cosmetic surgeries you require anesthesia. Anesthesia specialist is always the right person for any anesthetic treatment rather than a local doctor.