Chest Physician is a branch of internal medicine which deals with the diseases of the respiratory tract. Also known as pneumology or respirology, it manages the patients who need life support and mechanical ventilation. Pulmonologist are the physician who have expertise in diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary diseases and condition, including the chest disease such as tuberculosis, asthma, pneumonia, emphysema and other complicated chest infections.
Diseases and disorders
Chest Physician / Pulmonologists are trained in treating -
Pulmonary functions – peak flow rate measurement, pulmonary function testing, use of metered dose inhalers, spacers and bebulizers
Sleep-related disorders – central sleep apnea, hypoventilation syndromes, obstructive sleep apnea, obstructive sleep apnea and home sleep monitoring, polysomnography, sleep-disordered breathing and CPAP, surgical approach to snoring and sleep apnea
Pulmonary hypertension – primary pulmonary hypertension, pulmonary venoocclusive disease, secondary pulmonary hypertension tests, treatment, drugs and diagnose Tests, treatment, drugs and diagnose
Chest Physician/ Pulmonologist start the diagnosis process by –
• Blood test and in some cases arterial blood gas measurement is also done
• Spirometry to determine lung volumes in time by breathing into a dedicated machine
• Bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), epithelial brushing and endobronchial and transbronchila biopsy
• Chest X-rays
• CT scan
• MRI scan in some cases
• Positron emission tomography
When to call Chest Physician / pulmonologists?
Pulmonologists/Chest Physician diagnose and treat the disorders and diseases of lungs and respiratory system.