Diabetes is most commonly found disease. According to recent studies around 650 lakhs Indian citizens are diabetic. Diabetology is branch of medicine concerned with diabetes, different types of diabetes and treatment for diabetes. Doctors who specially deal with diabetes problems and give diabetes treatment are called as diabetologist.
Diabetologist diagnoses patients’ diabetes, what type of diabetes they are suffering, evaluates their symptoms and severity of disease and treat it.
Treatment and diagnosis
Diabeteas is diagnosed by testing fasting blood sugar level. Diabetologist evaluate sugar level by using glucose meter and other pathological tests. If fasting sugar level is more than 126 mg/dl and after meal sugar level is more than 200 mg/dl then patient is considered diabetic.
Once patient is diagnosed with diabetes diabetologist determines type of diabetes like type I diabetes, type II diabetes, gestational diabetes or pre-diabetes.
Depending upon its type diabetes specialist decides suitable treatment for patient. Although diabetes cannot be cured, it can be controlled and patient can live normal longer life. For each type of diabetics diabetologist give following treatments:
• Diet and exercise: diabetes can be controlled by controlling blood sugar. Diabetologist give diabetes diet and moderate exercise it helps to control sugar. It helps to control all types of diabetes. • Medications: diabetologists may prescribe oral medication or insulin injections. Oral Diabetes Medications include drugs like Sulfonylureas, Biguanides, etc. • Insulin Pump - It replaces the need for periodic injections by delivering rapid-acting insulin continuously throughout the day using a catheter tube.
• Transplants for Diabetes - Pancreas taken from donors transplanted in patient.
When to call diabetologist?
Early detection of diabetes helps you to avoid worsening the symptoms and control it as early as possible. If you show following symptoms consult your diabetologist immediately:
• Excess of hunger, thirst, fatigue and urination
• blurry eyesight
• Fluctuating blood pressure
• Muscular cramps
• Weight loss
• Nausea or vomiting
• Urinary tract infections
Other than these symptoms people with family history of diabetes, obese and poor diet are more susceptible for diabetes. If age of pregnant woman is more than 25, overweight, with high blood pressure and have too much amniotic fluid then she may get gestational diabetes. Hence, such people should visit diabetologist for every six months for sugar check-ups. Diabetologist is best person who considers all risk and gives suitable treatment.