Endocrinology is a field of medicine and biology that deals with the endocrine systems (complex group of glands), its diseases and its specific secretions also known as hormones. Hormones have great influence on body’s biological and chemical processes and developments such as metabolism, respiration, excretion, reproduction and sensory perception. Endocrinologist is a doctor who specializes in endocrinology. Endocrinologist treats all kinds of hormonal problems like hormonal imbalance, thyroid disorders, etc
Diseases and conditions
Minute changes in hormone production can cause severe disorders and conditions in human body. If hormones are produced in low or high quantities then it can produce diseases like diabetes, thyroid disorders, metabolic disorders, menopause, osteoporosis, hypertension, cholesterol disorders, infertility, and cancers of the endocrine glands. Here are most commonly found diseases related to endocrinology:
Thyroid disorders are caused by any abnormality in thyroid gland. It either produces over or under thyroxin hormone, which results in thyroid disorder. If thyroid gland is underactive and produces low quantity thyroxin, it results in hypothyroidism. This type of thyroid disorder causes fatigue, depression, weight gain, sluggishness or a lack of energy, and feeling cold. It can be treated by hormonal therapy.
Most of the time menopause results in hormonal imbalances. If symptoms of menopause is neglected it may cause osteoporosis and heart diseases. During the menopause, life gets disturbed because of its symptoms like emotional depression, irregular menstrual cycles, hot night flashes, etc. hence, woman require menopause treatments. Endocrinologist gives hormonal therapy as a part of menopause treatment to reduce symptoms and avoid uterine cancer, osteoporosis, etc.
There are lots of hormones and disease related to them. Most of the time endocrinologist treats endocrine disorders by hormonal therapy or rarely perform surgeries.
Tests and treatments:
To determine any hormonal changes endocrinologist do following tests and analyzes results
• Blood glucose level
• Evaluate blood test
• Analyze pathology laboratory tests
• Evaluate x-rays
• Evaluate CT scan
• Evaluate MRI
• Evaluate ultrasound
• Evaluate biopsy results
• Evaluate Doppler studies
If any hormonal disorder is found in above tests he decides further treatment. Depending upon type of hormone and disorders endocrinology gives treatments like prescribe medication, changes in lifestyle, diet and exercise. Most of the time endocrinologist suggests hormonal therapy to control hormonal changes.
When will you call an endocrinologist?
Every woman should consult endocrinologist in her early and late menopause and receive menopause treatments. Any person who is suffering any kind of hormonal disorder like diabetes, thyroid disorder, etc. endocrinologist decides appropriate hormonal therapy and treatment for patient.