What is the Interventional Radiology?
Interventional radiology is nonsurgical treatment, performed by the radiologist by following image guided procedures. It is an area of medicine that replaces the open surgeries and patients are diagnosed and treated using miniature instruments, without making large incisions into the body.
Disorders and conditions Vascular
• Varicose veins - Deposition of blood in the veins from weak valves results in swollen and enlarged vessels, which leads to severe pain, and cosmetic complications.
• Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) - Blood clots are formed in the veins of leg, which may result in chronic pain, swelling and discoloration.
• Peripheral artery disease (PAD) - It is a condition when blood does not flow smoothly through the veins. This causes skin ulcers, pain and gangrene.
• Pulmonary embolism - Patients are at risk of pulmonary embolism if their arteries that supply blood to lungs are blocked with blood clots. Such condition causes breathing problem, palpitations, fatigue and fainting.
• Acute limb ischemia - Blood flow in an arm and leg is not normal due to the blockage caused by blood clots in the arteries.
• Abdominal aortic aneurysms - The abdominal aorta wall gets weak and thick that causes backache (abdominal pain).
In neurological condition brain doesn’t receive enough oxygen and nutrients due to blockage in blood vessels and narrowing of the carotid artery. This leads to strokes, blurred vision, motor and sensory deficits.
Various types of cancers like breast, liver, kidney, lung, prostate and bone cancer.
Women health related issues
Non cancerous growth of muscular area of the uterus, results in heavy bleeding and pain. Infertility due to narrowed fallopian tubes, blocks the passing of eggs to uterus from ovary. Pelvic veins are blocked by the blood clots, which causes pelvic pain.
Tests, Treatment, Drugs and Diagnosis
In this nonsurgical procedure, the interventional radiology doctors diagnoses the disease with the help of equipments like magnetic resonance, X-rays, computed tomography, ultrasound and other imaging modalities. The medical images guide radiologist to use the small instruments through the network of arteries for diagnosing and treatment.
When to call Radiologist?
Your general physician identifies the symptoms and suggests visiting the Interventional radiology doctors.