Orthopedic surgery is concerned with the conditions associated with musculoskeletal system (bones, joints, muscles, tendons and ligaments). Orthopedic doctor performs the surgery to treat sports injuries, infections, degenerative disease, tumors and congenital disorders.
Disease and conditions
Orthopedic surgery doctors perform the surgery to treat the disease and injuries like:
• Joints fracture
• Tendon injuries
• Nerves disease
• Torn ligaments
• Pulled muscles
• Ruptured discs
• Bone disorders
• Low back pain
• Bunions and hammer toes
• Knock knees or bow legs
• Doctors also treat the children with bone tumors and the babies born with birth abnormalities like club foot, abnormal toes and fingers, unequal leg length and hip dislocation.
Tests, Treatment, Drugs and Diagnosis Hand and Wrist surgeries – Wrist arthroscopy surgery is performed to get relief from some causes of wrist pain. During the procedure, a small camera is inserted into the joint. Then miniature instrument is inserted to remove and repair the damaged structure. Finger joint replacement is a surgery performed to remove the damaged, arthritic finger joint and then it is replaced with an artificial implant.
Hip and Knee surgeries - Orthopedic doctors perform the surgery for the treatment of hip and knee. The surgeries include arthroscopic knee surgery, arthroscopic surgery for torn meniscus, knee surgery, microfracture, ACI (auto chondrocyte implantation, ACL reconstructive surgery, cartilage transfer surgery and lateral release of the patella.
Shoulder and elbow surgeries – Surgeries performed to solve the problems related to shoulder and elbow includes arthroscopic elbows surgery, shoulder replacement surgery, shoulder arthroscopy, reverse shoulder replacement surgery, tommy john surgery, shoulder chondrolysis and biceps tenodesis.
Spine surgery - Several surgeries are preformed to treat the problems related to spine. Orthopedic doctor performs the surgeries like cauda equine syndrome, lumbar disc replacement, spine fusion, IDET (intradiscal electrothermal therapy), lumbar disc replacement, dynamic stabilization, cervical fusion surgery, and minimally invasion spine surgery.
Surgery for foot and ankle – Foot and ankle problems are treated depending upon its conditions. Treatments for the ankle and foot include stretching exercises for plantar fasciitis, athlete’s foot treatments, and ankle injury rehabilitation.
Sprains and Strain treatment – The treatments like ice packs and wraps, wrist support, heating pad, ankle brace and compression bandages are provided to get relief from sprains.
When to call orthopedic doctor?
Consult the orthopedic surgery doctor to get relief from problems related to neuromuscular and musculoskeletal system. They are specialized in repairing bone disorders including fracture and broken bones.