What is physiotherapy?
Physiotherapy is concerned with treating, diagnosing and examination of physical disorder, disability, bodily malfunction, healing and pain due to trauma and disease.
Disease and conditions
Following disorders and disease:
• Disorders and injuries of the musculoskeletal system - bones, tendons (ligament) and muscles
• Neurological disorder and disease - brain injury, Alzheimer’s disease, nerve injury shingles, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, spinal cord injury, Parkinson's disease and stroke.
• Abdominal problems - colitis, spastic colon and irritable bowel syndrome.
• Adults with growing age suffers from arthritis, cancer, osteoporosis, balance disorders, hip and joint replacement and incontinence.
• Pediatrics - Disorders and injuries affecting bones, muscles and joints in children, infants and adolescents.
• Circulatory problems - wounds, Reynaulds disease, ulcers and cardiac rehabilitation.
• Joint problems - pain, swelling, injury and stiffness in joints of shoulders, wrist, elbows, ankles, hips and knees.
• Chest problems - cystic fibrosis, hayfever, pneumonia, asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, sinusitis and bronchiectasis.
Tests, treatment, drugs and diagnose
Physiotherapy doctors examine, evaluate and diagnose the disease and accordingly prescribe the medication and surgeries. He refers to the specialist in case the problem is serious and need to be cured by some specialist only.
Following tests are performed by physiotherapist to diagnose the disease and disorders:
Different types of electrotherapy like ultrasound, infrared and TENS (transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation) are used to treat swelling and pain in joints and muscles.
Heat therapy and Cryotherapy
The physiotherapy treatments like heat bath (hot pack) and ice bath (ice pack) are used to cure muscle injuries.
Joint manipulation and taping
Mobilization and manipulation techniques mobilization, taping and manipulation are used by physiotherapy doctors to keep the muscles relaxed.
According to the need and requirement of the patient’s body different types of massages are done by physiotherapist like mechanical, psychological, stroking, frictions, petrissage and effleurage.
When to call physiotherapist? Some of the most common reasons to seek physiotherapy treatment include:
• arthritis in one or more joint
• lower back pain
• neck pain
• bowel incontinence
• mobility problems
• knee, ankle foot problem
• problem in shoulder, arm, writs and hand
• problem in breathing
• spinal cord and head injury
• sports related injury
• muscle strains and sprains
• cancer recovery
• wounds like diabetic wounds and post surgical wounds
• chronic fatigue and weakness