What is Trichology?
A speciality science of hair and scalp which diagnoses and treats all the related problems is called trichology. The trichologist treat different type of hair loss, scaling and baldness problems. The name trichology is derived from a Greek word Trikhos which means hair. People irrespective of their age, class and race suffer from various different types of hair and scalp problems.
Diseases and Conditions:
Alopecia Areata: An autoimmune problem which begins with sharply defined bald areas in the scalp. It causes round patches leading to hair loss and eventually complete baldness.
Seborrhoeic Dermatitis/Eczema: yellow greasy scales, oiliness and irritation on the scalp
Scalp Psoriasis: characterised by deep red scalp covered in white scales which even bleeds when scratching is done.
Dandruff: A common hair and scalp problem which is characterised by increased exfoliation of external layer of scalp.
Male and female pattern baldness: Male pattern baldness also called Androgenetic Alopecia is caused due to accumulation of androgen hormone around the hair follicles and thus damaging the scalp and hair shaft. Female Pattern baldness is more often caused due to some hormonal issues which include hormone replacement therapy, premature aging, chronic illness, and hormonal disorders.
Telogen Effluvium: A scalp disorder which is characterised by thinning of hair. It may be caused due to some emotional and physiological stressful events. The normal hair cycle gets altered hence hair shedding happens.
Test and diagnosis: Everyone loves healthy and shiny hair and if he or she is affected by hair and scalp problems he would be advised by a trichologist to undergo hair loss treatment. Your trichologist would examine you for any hair and scalp problems during the consultation and would also obtain samples for performing tests like A/T ratio, VMM scalp test, and Hair microscopy. Apart from this the doctor might also advice you to undergo some blood or allergy test.
When to call a trichologist?
You would need to call a trichologist whenever the symptoms become severe and they are not the result of any medication or illness.